Friday, February 23Not Your Ordinary English-Tagalog Dictionary
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Month: June 2023

What is Hammer in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

What is Hammer in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

Carpentry
A hammer in Tagalog is called “martilyo,” which is one of the most important tools in carpentry. As you mostly know, a carpenter’s hammer has many uses, including manual driving of nails, brads, and pins on soft materials such as wood. Depending on the type, some hammers can also be used in riveting, nail pulling, and assembling furniture.  There’s no record as to who invented the hammer, but it’s one of the oldest tools humans have ever used. In fact, records show that people during the Prehistoric Period (about 3.3 million years ago) used stone hammers. At that time, hammers were made of bones, stones, and other hard objects that could be used to strike various surfaces.  The hammer was said to have had its first major innovation around 30,000 BC when people started to learn ba...
What is Rag in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Sizes

What is Rag in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Sizes

Cleaning Tools
A rag in Tagalog is called “basahan,” which consists of pieces of cloth known as "retaso" and is utilized as a cleaning tool. The term "basahan" is derived from "basa" (wet), indicating its purpose of cleaning or drying surfaces. Rags are different from rag rugs, which are also woven from recycled cloth. Yet, a rag rug in Filipino is also "basahan." The origin of cleaning rags is believed to date back to the Stone Age, the era when fabric first appeared. This practical necessity arose due to the absence of specialized cleaning materials. Throughout history, various cultures have adopted the practice of utilizing old fabrics to clean objects and surfaces. The term "rag" originated in the 1400s as a verb denoting the act of tearing fabric to create a rag. These fabrics were primari...
What is Clothes Iron in Tagalog? History, Types, and Designs

What is Clothes Iron in Tagalog? History, Types, and Designs

Laundry
Also called flat iron, clothes iron in Tagalog is called “plantsa sa damit” or simply “plantsa” if you are referring to laundry tools. Fashion today seems to have shifted to wrinkle-free clothes and fewer people are wearing perfectly ironed casual clothes. However, some clothes still need smooth ironing, such as school uniforms and long sleeves polo for men. The history of ironing clothes dates back to ancient civilizations, such as the Chinese, Egyptians, and Greeks, thousands of years ago. Back then, various techniques were used to remove wrinkles from garments, including using glass objects or rounded stones heated by fire. The Chinese people used metal pans filled with hot water. There is no single person credited with the invention of flatirons. The first true "plantsa" was ...
What is Crayon in Tagalog? History and Difference From Colored Pencil

What is Crayon in Tagalog? History and Difference From Colored Pencil

School Supplies
Crayon in Tagalog is called “krayola,” which came from the famous brand, Crayola Crayons. Aside from watercolor, crayons are well-loved art tools by elementary school children all over the world, including the Philippines. Surprisingly, some professional artists such as Kristina Nelson of Minnesota also use crayons for their artworks. The exact origin of the crayon is unknown. Nonetheless, the earliest known predecessors of crayons can be traced back to ancient Egypt, around 3,000 BCE. During that era, people used a mixture of beeswax and colored pigments to create drawings on walls. During the Middle Ages, colored wax was used for encaustic painting on various surfaces. The word “crayon” is French and it means "chalk pencil", a writing tool that was invented in the 16th century....
What is Watercolor in Tagalog? Brief History and Famous Watercolor Artists

What is Watercolor in Tagalog? Brief History and Famous Watercolor Artists

School Supplies
Watercolor in Tagalog is called “akwarela” or “pinturang tinutubigan,” where “pintura” means “paint” and “tinutubigan” means “add water.” However, Filipinos simply call this water-based paint “watercolor.” Also called aquarelle, watercolor refers to both the medium (watercolor set) and the artwork done, which can be on paintings or paper.  The origin of watercolor painting goes back to ancient Egypt civilizations, Renaissance, and Baroque Periods. In ancient China, watercolor painting became popular during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In the Islamic world, watercolor was used for miniature paintings and illustrations in manuscripts.  Watercolor gained recognition as a standalone medium during the Renaissance, particularly in Europe. Artists began us...
What is Ballpoint Pen (Ballpen) in Tagalog? History and Popular Brands

What is Ballpoint Pen (Ballpen) in Tagalog? History and Popular Brands

School Supplies
The ballpoint pen in Tagalog is called “bolpen,” which means that it has no exact Filipino translation. The term “ballpen” is used in the Philippines instead of ballpoint pen. Unlike pencils, ballpens are more commonly used in writing than in drawing. Despite our digital age, ballpens are still a popular writing tool worldwide, including in the Philippines.  The invention of the ballpoint pen has proven to be a great alternative to fountain pens. John J. Loud, an American lawyer, patented a device for marking leather using a rolling ball. The patent was awarded on October 30, 1888, but his design didn't gain much attention.  Loud’s ballpoint pens can be used to write on rough surfaces but not on smooth paper.  The modern ballpen as we know it today was invented by Laszlo Biro, an...
What is Paper in Tagalog? History, Papermaking, and Manila Paper

What is Paper in Tagalog? History, Papermaking, and Manila Paper

School Supplies
Paper in Tagalog is called “papel,” and is a reliable partner of pencils, ballpens, and other writing tools. Despite the fast-changing technology that gradually introduces a paperless era, paper remains common. However, the global paper manufacturing industry is significantly impacted. The cost of making paper is also escalating.  Remarkably, the paper boasts a rich history. The word "paper" originated from "papyrus," a material derived from the papyrus plant, which was utilized as a writing surface by ancient Egyptians and Romans. However, the invention of the first paper-making technique is traditionally credited to a Chinese court official named Cai Lun (Ts'ai Lun), sometime in AD 105.  Although “paper” already existed in Ancient China for centuries before Cai Lun’s time, he r...
What is Pencil in Tagalog? History, Types, and Grades

What is Pencil in Tagalog? History, Types, and Grades

School Supplies
A pencil in Tagalog is called “lapis” but a lot of Filipinos also call it a pencil. This versatile tool for drawing and writing is widely used worldwide, particularly by architects, artists, fashion designers, and students. There is a wide variety of pencil types and brands available. Unlike ballpoint pens, pencils are more commonly used in both writing and drawing. The origin of the pencil dates back thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians and Romans used a stylus, a slender metal stick typically made of lead. They etched the words onto papyrus, an early form of paper. In the early 1500s, a large deposit of pure graphite was discovered in Borrowdale, a civil parish in England. This leads to the production of graphite pencils. The credit for the invention of the wooden pencil g...
What is Bath Soap in Tagalog? Brief History, Types, and Uses

What is Bath Soap in Tagalog? Brief History, Types, and Uses

Personal Care
Bath soap in Tagalog is called "sabong pampaligo“ or "sabong panligo," a cleansing agent used during bathing or showering. “Sabon” means “soap,” while “pampaligo” or "panligo" means “for bath.” Bath soaps come in various forms, including bars, liquids, gels, and foams, to cater to different personal preferences. Unlike the "sabong panlaba," they are designed to remove dirt, oil, and other impurities from the body.  Bath soaps are also formulated with additional ingredients to enhance their effectiveness and provide various benefits. Fragrances are often added to impart pleasant scents, while natural or synthetic additives may provide soothing properties. Regular use of bath soap helps control body odor and maintains skin health.  Soap has a rich history dating back centuries. The...
What is Kitchen Spatula in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

What is Kitchen Spatula in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

Kitchen Tools
A kitchen spatula in Tagalog is called “siyansi,” but some people also call it a flipper or turner due to its versatility. This kitchen utensil consists of a broad, flat, and thin blade attached to a handle. The blade, however, is not the same sharp blade we know. Instead, it is used to flip, scrape, spread, or mix the ingredients while cooking.  Kitchen spatulas are heat-resistant, and the blade is usually made of metal, such as stainless steel or heat-resistant silicone. On the other hand, the handle can be made of wood, plastic, or metal. Siyansi is usually the partner of the kawali and it comes in different shapes and sizes, each designed for specific tasks. This is also why turners are also sometimes referred to as spatulas.  Technically, there are four kinds of kitchen spat...
What is Ladle in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

What is Ladle in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

Kitchen Tools
Ladle in Tagalog is called “sandok,” a kitchen utensil for transferring soups, sauces, and other liquid-based dishes. A ladle usually has a long handle and a deep, bowl-shaped scoop so it can hold a substantial amount of liquid. Ladles come in different designs, scoop sizes, and handle lengths. Each of them has specific purposes and benefits.  The sandok is crafted from various materials such as stainless steel, copper, or wood. It is designed to withstand the heat of boiling liquids while ensuring a comfortable grip for the user. The handle length is long enough to prevent the user from getting too close to the heat source. This ensures safety during cooking and avoiding spills while transferring hot liquids.  The ladle played a significant role as a kitchen utensil in the Phili...
What is Floor Mop in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Uses

What is Floor Mop in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Uses

Cleaning Tools
A floor mop in Tagalog is called “panglampaso sa sahig”, with "panglampaso" meaning "for cleaning" and "sahig" meaning "floor." The word "mop" originated from the Latin term "mappe," which translates to "napkin" or "cloth." This essential cleaning tool is not limited to homes alone, as it is also used in offices, schools, hospitals, and various other buildings.  The history of floor mops dates back to the 15th century. But according to the US Patent Office, the first patented mop holder was recorded in June 1837. This patent (#241) was granted to Jacob Howe, an inventor hailing from Worcester, Massachusetts. The design of this floor mop featured a detachable head connected to the handles by screws.  In June 1893, Thomas W. Stewart, an African American inventor from Kalamazoo, Mic...