Friday, February 23Not Your Ordinary English-Tagalog Dictionary
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Month: July 2023

What is Carpenter’s Plane in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Uses

What is Carpenter’s Plane in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Uses

Carpentry
Also known as the hand plane, the carpenter’s plane in Tagalog is called “katam.” It is used to remove rough edges, level uneven surfaces, and create a smooth finish on the wood. Carpenters push or pull the plane across the wood's surface as the blade shaves off thin layers of wood. They usually use this versatile tool after sawing and before nailing. The origin of the carpenter’s plane is unknown but it is believed to have existed over 2,000 years ago. Historians assume that ancient Egyptians used a stone with sand as an abrasive to smooth the surface of the wood. Nonetheless, the first hand plane was probably similar to a chisel-like tool placed in a wooden block but there is no historical proof.  Meanwhile, the earliest known carpenter’s planes were discovered in Pompeii and d...
What is Ironing Board in Tagalog? Origin and Evolution of Design

What is Ironing Board in Tagalog? Origin and Evolution of Design

Laundry
The ironing board in Tagalog is called “kabayo ng plansta,” where kabayo means “horse” and plantsa means “flat iron.” No one knows when Filipinos started to call the ironing board “kabayo.” Nonetheless, this ironing tool is long and narrow and looks like a horse. In Spanish, the ironing board is called “burro de planchar,” where burro means “donkey.” The Vikings in the 9th century were believed to have invented the ironing board. These boards were about 1 foot long and made of whalebone but had no legs. The Vikings used heavy pieces of glass to smooth their linen. When the flat iron was invented, kitchen tables were used as ironing boards or longer boards that were supported by two chairs.  The patent for the first ironing table was awarded to W. Vandenburg and J. Harvey on Febru...
What is Clothespin in Tagalog? History, Types, and Earlier Designs

What is Clothespin in Tagalog? History, Types, and Earlier Designs

Laundry
A clothespin in Tagalog is called “sipit ng damit,” where sipit means “clip” and damit means “clothes.” Also called clothes pegs, clothespins are small laundry fastening devices that hold clothes hanging on a clothesline. Interestingly, this tiny invention has other notable uses such as holding nails while hammering them and as clothespin dolls. Before clothespins were invented, washerwomen used to hang clothes hoping that they wouldn't be blown by the wind. The first recorded patent for clothespins was awarded to Jeremie Victor Opdebec in 1809. His clothespin design is a one-piece wood with two prongs but without any mechanism. Hence, it was not as efficient as one would expect.  In 1832, Samuel Pryor became the first American to receive a patent for a clothespin. However, the U...
What is Sanitary Napkin in Tagalog? History and Design Evolution

What is Sanitary Napkin in Tagalog? History and Design Evolution

Personal Care
The sanitary napkin in Tagalog is called “pasador.” However, Filipinos today use this term very rarely and call sanitary napkins as they are. As we all know, this feminine hygiene product is used by women who are currently dealing with menstruation. Also called sanitary pads or menstrual pads, today’s sanitary napkins are not the way they used to be.  According to history, ancient Greek women used homemade rags wrapped around wooden plugs during their menstrual period. Ancient Romans used disposable woolen pads made of woven cotton, which holds the blood odor. On the other hand, ancient Egyptians used papyrus (the earliest form of paper) to create a tampon-shaped device.  Between 1854 and 1915, several menstrual products were submitted for patent but were taken out. This includes...
What is Toothbrush in Tagalog? History, Types, and Sacamuela

What is Toothbrush in Tagalog? History, Types, and Sacamuela

Personal Care
The toothbrush in Tagalog is called “sipilyo” or “sepilyo.” This personal oral hygiene tool is the best friend of toothpaste in keeping our teeth clean and strong. A Philippine legend said that “sipilyo” is a coined term from the Spanish words, “si (yes) and “pillo” (naughty). It was believed that toothbrushing is a way to control Filipinos from saying bad words.  Nonetheless, the origin of the “toothbrush” dates back to 3500-3000 BC. During that era, Babylonians brush their teeth using a brush made of thin threads from twigs. When tombs of ancient Egyptians were discovered, archeologists found some “toothsticks”. On the other hand, ancient Chinese used chewing sticks made from aromatic twigs.  The Chinese people are also believed to have invented the first toothbrush with bristl...
What is Toothpaste in Tagalog? History, Evolution, and Brands

What is Toothpaste in Tagalog? History, Evolution, and Brands

Personal Care
The toothpaste in Tagalog is called “pasimada” or “kremang pansipilyo.” However, Filipinos simply call toothpaste as it is, or “tutpeyst.” As a great partner of toothbrush, toothpaste does not only clean our teeth, it also helps strengthen them and provides fresher breath. And like in other countries, Filipinos love to take care of their teeth.  The origin of “toothpaste” goes back to ancient Egypt, around 5000 BC. At that time, people used dental powder that consists of ash, crushed eggshells, oxen hooves, pumice, myrrh, and water. And because there was also no toothbrush back then, ancient Egyptians mostly likely put the powder mixture on their fingers to scrub their teeth.  The Ancient Greeks and Romans were said to have also used dental powder. But unlike ancient Egyptians, t...
What is Kitchen Knife in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Philippine-Made

What is Kitchen Knife in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Philippine-Made

Kitchen Tools
A kitchen knife in Tagalog is called “kutsilyo sa kusina” or “kutsilyo na pang kusina.” Kutsilyo means “knife,” while kusina means “kitchen.” Unlike combat knives, kitchen knives are specially designed for preparing food and not for stabbing. Kitchen knives can also cause severe injuries or death, but they are better used with a sangkalan.  The origin of “knives” can be traced to the era when humans learned how to cut. Historical evidence shows that ancient humans during the Lower Paleolithic period (about 2.3 million years ago) used Oldowan knives. These cutting tools were made of sharp flakes taken from stone cores. The oldest Oldowan tools were discovered in Kenya.  During the Bronze Age (1500 BC), knives already had wooden handles. But because bronze is not durable enough, th...
What is Cutting Board in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Sizes

What is Cutting Board in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Sizes

Kitchen Tools
A cutting board in Tagalog is called “sangkalan” or “tadtaran”, wherein tadtad means “chop.” Also called a chopping board, this kitchen tool is the best friend of kitchen knives in preparing food. Regardless of the economic status of a family, a cutting board is always present in the kitchen. Note, however, that it is different from a butcher block.  No one knows exactly who invented the cutting board, and there’s no historical evidence about its origin. Nonetheless, it’s very clear that “sangkalan” was invented when ancient people learned how to cut meat for food. Before the modern chopping boards, they probably used tree trunk slabs as the earliest forms of butcher blocks.  When the saw was invented, early butchers began to cut tree trunks and used them for cutting meat. At tha...
What is Yo-Yo in Tagalog? Origin, Myths, and Pedro Flores

What is Yo-Yo in Tagalog? Origin, Myths, and Pedro Flores

Toys and Games
The yo-yo in Tagalog is also called “yo-yo,” and is considered to be one of the oldest toys in the world. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the word “yo-yo” is “probably from Ilocano yoyo, or a cognate word in a language of the Philippines.” Some people also believe that it means “come back,” which makes sense since this is what the toy does.  According to some reports, ancient Filipinos invented the yo-yo and used it as a weapon or a hunting tool. Allegedly, the locals during the 16th century climbed on trees and waited for enemies and prey to pass by. Then, they throw rocks tied to a 20-foot-long cord and pull the “yo-yo” back. However, there is no historical or archeological evidence to support these claims.  Another myth about the yo-yo is that it originates in Chi...
What is Spinning Top in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and How to Play

What is Spinning Top in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and How to Play

Toys and Games
The spinning top in Tagalog is called “turumpo” or “trumpo,” and is one of the oldest toys in the world. This traditional toy is called “trompo” in Spanish, “koma” in Japanese, and “Doppisch” in German. Despite not being popular today, the turumpo will never die. In fact, International Top Spinning Day is celebrated every October, with varying dates.  The origin of the spinning top dates back to around 6,000 years ago. Archaeologists found a clay spinning top in Iraq, dating back to the 35th century BC, and was dubbed the world’s oldest spinning top. A carved wooden top was among those that was found in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun (King Tut) of Egypt, who reigned from 1332-1323 BC.  As we all know, modern spinning tops have a half sphere on the top part and a conical section ...
What is Toy Car in Tagalog? Origin, Brands, and Filipino Ingenuity

What is Toy Car in Tagalog? Origin, Brands, and Filipino Ingenuity

Toys and Games
The toy car in Tagalog is called “kotse-kotsehan” or “laruang kotse.” Also called model cars, toy cars are among the favorite toys of young boys and wonderful collectibles for car enthusiasts. On the other hand, toy trucks are called “trak-trakan.” But regardless of the type of vehicle, most Filipino young boys love to play with these small wonders.  Like dolls, toy cars are said to have existed since the late Stone Age, or about 7,500 years ago. This is after a tiny stone car with two axles and four wheels was uncovered in an excavation site in Kiziltepe district, in Mardin, Turkey. The ancient toy, which is now on display at Mardin Museum, is now believed to be the world’s oldest toy car.  Meanwhile, the origin of toy car manufacturing goes back to the late 1800s, shortly after...
What is Doll in Tagalog? History, Kinds, and Filipina Barbie Dolls

What is Doll in Tagalog? History, Kinds, and Filipina Barbie Dolls

Toys and Games
The doll in Tagalog is called “manika” or “maynika”, a common toy for young girls all over the world. When it comes to baby names, Manika was derived from a Sanskrit origin, meaning “precious jewels.” As a toy, dolls are a small model of humans and the most popular doll is Barbie. But in case you don’t know, there are also Filipina Barbie dolls.  The origin of dolls dolls can be traced back to as early as 2000 BC. This is after archaeologists found wooden paddle dolls in Ancient Egyptian tombs and burial grounds. There was also evidence found that dolls made from clay, ivory, and wood existed in ancient Rome. In ancient Japan, the earliest known dolls are Daruma, Hina, and Kokeshi dolls.  Aside from being girl’s toys, there are cultures where dolls are also used as spiritual or r...