Sunday, March 3Not Your Ordinary English-Tagalog Dictionary
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Carpentry

What is Carpenter’s Plane in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Uses

What is Carpenter’s Plane in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Uses

Carpentry
Also known as the hand plane, the carpenter’s plane in Tagalog is called “katam.” It is used to remove rough edges, level uneven surfaces, and create a smooth finish on the wood. Carpenters push or pull the plane across the wood's surface as the blade shaves off thin layers of wood. They usually use this versatile tool after sawing and before nailing. The origin of the carpenter’s plane is unknown but it is believed to have existed over 2,000 years ago. Historians assume that ancient Egyptians used a stone with sand as an abrasive to smooth the surface of the wood. Nonetheless, the first hand plane was probably similar to a chisel-like tool placed in a wooden block but there is no historical proof.  Meanwhile, the earliest known carpenter’s planes were discovered in Pompeii and d...
What is Carpenter’s Square in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

What is Carpenter’s Square in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

Carpentry
Also known as steel square or framing square, a carpenter’s square in Tagalog is called “eskwala.” This L-shaped carpentry tool is used to measure and mark the accuracy of right angles for framing floors, walls, roofs, etc. There are several types of squares used in woodworking and metalworking, depending on where you will use them. The origin of the right angle frame tool is not clear. Nonetheless, wooden try squares have been discovered and were believed to be from Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome. The term “square” was derived from Old French “esquire” or “esquarre.” As early as 1250, it was also used to describe a measuring tool that can measure right angles.  There were also writings claiming that ancient Greek architect Theodorus of Samos invented the square tool. However, re...
What is Carpenter Saw in Tagalog? History and Different Types

What is Carpenter Saw in Tagalog? History and Different Types

Carpentry
Also known as a panel saw or hand saw, a carpenter saw in Tagalog is called “lagaring pang karpintero,” wherein “lagari” is “saw” and “karpentero “is “carpenter.” However, Filipinos usually call it “lagaring kahoy” (wood saw). There are several types of saws, but this article will only focus on the different saws used in carpentry and woodworking.   Generally, a saw is a tool with a toothed blade and is used for cutting hard materials such as metal or wood. The cut is made by placing its sharp edge against the material and moving the saw forward and backward. The saw blade is made of different materials and the number of teeth depends on where the cutting tool is designed for.  Interestingly, the saw is one of the oldest tools man has ever used. There are several stories and even...
What is Sandpaper in Tagalog? History, Types, and How to Choose

What is Sandpaper in Tagalog? History, Types, and How to Choose

Carpentry
Sandpaper in Tagalog is called “papel de liha,” a thick “paper” designed for smoothing out rough surfaces. Although normally used in carpentry, it can also be used for sanding metal and plastics. Despite its name, sandpaper is not a kind of paper and does not contain sand. Instead, it consists of abrasive particles glued to a backing made of paper.  The origin of sandpaper can be traced back to the 13th century in China. People used natural gum to bond crushed shells, seeds, and sand on parchment, an animal skin used for writing. In 1833, John Oakey of Walworth, London founded the company that manufactured glass paper, which is different from sandpaper but has the same purpose.  The difference between glass paper and sandpaper is the abrasive. Glass paper uses glass grit or powde...
What is Nail in Tagalog? History, Types, and Sizes

What is Nail in Tagalog? History, Types, and Sizes

Carpentry
A nail in Tagalog is called “pako,” which is a very important item in construction and carpentry. As you most likely know, nails have a slender shaft with a flat head and a pointed end. Also called fasteners, nails are used to join objects (usually wood) and are driven by a hammer or a nail gun. Unlike in screws, the shaft of nails is not threaded.  The origin of nails is not known, but evidence shows that nails have been around in Egypt even before 3,400 B.C. Interestingly, nails are also mentioned in the Bible, including in Judges 4:21 – “Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of the tent, and took a hammer in her hand and went softly unto him…” and when Jesus Christ was crucified.  For many centuries, the process of making nails was by hand. Metal workers would create the shaft by...
What is Hammer in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

What is Hammer in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

Carpentry
A hammer in Tagalog is called “martilyo,” which is one of the most important tools in carpentry. As you mostly know, a carpenter’s hammer has many uses, including manual driving of nails, brads, and pins on soft materials such as wood. Depending on the type, some hammers can also be used in riveting, nail pulling, and assembling furniture.  There’s no record as to who invented the hammer, but it’s one of the oldest tools humans have ever used. In fact, records show that people during the Prehistoric Period (about 3.3 million years ago) used stone hammers. At that time, hammers were made of bones, stones, and other hard objects that could be used to strike various surfaces.  The hammer was said to have had its first major innovation around 30,000 BC when people started to learn ba...