Friday, February 23Not Your Ordinary English-Tagalog Dictionary
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Kitchen Tools

What is Wok in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Materials

What is Wok in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Materials

Kitchen Tools
A wok in Tagalog is called “kawa” or “talyasi,” a cooking pan used for cooking huge amounts of food. It looks like a cross between a frying pan (kawali) and a saucepan (kaserola), but a larger version. Because of its huge size, the wok is usually used in big celebrations or gatherings such as feasts. Almost every household in the Philippine provinces has a “kawa.” The origin of the wok is unclear but it’s believed to have first appeared in ancient China during the Han Dynasty. But at that time, woks were only made from clay. It was only during the Ming Dynasty when woks were made of metal. Chinese blacksmiths made woks by forging raw iron at a very high temperature and polished the finished product using a hammer. Typically, a wok has a round bottom with sloped sides but some hav...
What is Grater in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Types

What is Grater in Tagalog? History, Designs, and Types

Kitchen Tools
A grater in Tagalog is called “kudkuran,” a kitchen tool used for shredding food into smaller pieces. This includes carrots, cheese, coconut, nutmeg, and other fruits and vegetables. Most graters are handy and used not only in homes but also in restaurant kitchens. In the Philippines, a lot of food recipes include coconut milk and markets usually have stalls with coconut graters ("kudkuran ng niyog" in Tagalog).. The concept of grating or shredding food can be traced back to ancient civilizations. Early graters were often simple tools made from materials like stone, wood, or metal. These early graters were likely used to shred ingredients like cheese, vegetables, and spices. During the Roman Era, metal graters were often small, handheld, and mostly made of bronze, used to grate ingr...
What is Plate in Tagalog? History, Types, Styles, and Materials

What is Plate in Tagalog? History, Types, Styles, and Materials

Kitchen Tools
A plate in Tagalog is called “plato” or “pinggan,” a specific type of dish where we put solid food. Technically, a dish can be anything that we put our food (solid or liquid) for serving or eating. However, there is no direct Tagalog translation for dishes and Filipinos use terms such as mangkok (bowl) and tasa (cup). A dishwasher in Tagalog is called “taga hugas ng pinggan,” where”hugas” means “to wash.” The exact origin of plates is not well-documented but is assumed that early humans used leaves, large leaves, or flat stones as makeshift plates to hold and serve food. In ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome, people used various materials for plates, including clay, wood, and metal. These plates were often simple and utilitarian in design. Meanwhil...
What is Colander in Tagalog? History and Difference from Strainer

What is Colander in Tagalog? History and Difference from Strainer

Kitchen Tools
The colander in Tagalog is called “salaan,” where “sala” here means “to filter”. As a kitchen utensil, a colander is a bowl-shaped strainer that is used for draining liquids from foods. Typically made of aluminum, stainless steel, plastic, or ceramic, colanders have evenly spaced holes to allow liquids to drain away. Most of them have handles while others also have legs for easier handling and stability. The term "colander" is believed to have originated from the Latin word "colare," which means "to strain" or "to filter." Aside from separating liquids, such as water or oil, from solid foods like vegetables or fruits, colanders are also used for draining pasta. The origin of the colander is not exactly known, but evidence suggests that sieves in ancient Egypt were made from reeds.  ...
What is Safety Match in Tagalog? Origin, Design, and Dark Past

What is Safety Match in Tagalog? Origin, Design, and Dark Past

Kitchen Tools
The safety match in Tagalog is called “posporo,” which came from the Spanish word, “fosforo” (phosphorus). The matchstick itself is called “palito ng posporo.” Despite the popularity of lighters, many people still use matches to light a fire. This is because matches are cheaper and safer to use since they are slower to ignite. Matches leave biodegradable waste, too. Technically, there are two main types of matches - the strike-anywhere matches and the safety matches. As the name implies, strike-anywhere matches can light a fire when used on a frictional surface. The head contains phosphorus sesquisulfide, a non-toxic compound that converts into flammable white phosphorus when struck across a rough surface. On the other hand, the head of safety matches has no phosphorus. Instead, ...
What is Fork in Tagalog? History, Types, and How Filipinos Use Forks

What is Fork in Tagalog? History, Types, and How Filipinos Use Forks

Kitchen Tools
The fork in Tagalog is called “tinidor,” which came from the Spanish word “tenedor.” Like in many other countries, many Filipinos also use a fork along with a spoon while eating. But for some families in the provinces, using only a spoon is enough. A lot of them still prefer the Kamayan style, a traditional way of eating using only bare hands. Forks have been around since the ancient civilization in Egypt, Greece, and Rome, but not as eating utensils. They had long handles and two long teeth (tines), and people used knives and their hands for eating. These two-tined forks were instead used as cooking tools for lifting meats from the fire. The table fork that we know today used to be a scandalous item.. In 1004, Maria Argyropoulina, the Greek niece of Byzantine Emperor Basil II, c...
What is Spoon in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Designs

What is Spoon in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Designs

Kitchen Tools
The spoon in Tagalog is called “kutsara,” which came from the Spanish word “cuchara.” Aside from being the partner of the fork in eating, the spoon is used for mixing, measuring, and preparing food. Large spoons are called tablespoons, which are also used for serving. Small spoons are called teaspoons (kutsarita), which are usually used for mixing coffee or tea. No one knows exactly about the origin of spoons, although there were various versions. The earliest spoons were said to be made of bones and appeared in China during the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BC). Early bronze spoons in China were known to have a sharp point but were also used in food preparation. On the other hand, archaeologists found the first spoons used by ancient Egyptians, dating back to 1,000 BC. These primitiv...
What is Kettle in Tagalog? Origin, How Kettles Whistle, and Giant Kettle

What is Kettle in Tagalog? Origin, How Kettles Whistle, and Giant Kettle

Kitchen Tools
A kettle in Tagalog is called “takure.” Also called a tea kettle, this small kitchen appliance is used for boiling water for coffee and tea. But sometimes, kettles can also be used for heating soup, stew, or any water-based food. But because of its appearance and material, you cannot use takure for cooking food as you do in your kaldero or kaserola. The word “kettle” has a very interesting etymology. According to the Oxford Dictionary of English, it comes from the Old Norse word "ketill," which means a cauldron, a deep container for cooking or serving food. The term "ketill" was borrowed into Old English as "cietel" or "chetele." But over time, it evolved into the modern English word "kettle." Origin of Kettle The origin of the kettle traces its roots back to ancient civilizations...
What is Kitchen Knife in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Philippine-Made

What is Kitchen Knife in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Philippine-Made

Kitchen Tools
A kitchen knife in Tagalog is called “kutsilyo sa kusina” or “kutsilyo na pang kusina.” Kutsilyo means “knife,” while kusina means “kitchen.” Unlike combat knives, kitchen knives are specially designed for preparing food and not for stabbing. Kitchen knives can also cause severe injuries or death, but they are better used with a sangkalan.  The origin of “knives” can be traced to the era when humans learned how to cut. Historical evidence shows that ancient humans during the Lower Paleolithic period (about 2.3 million years ago) used Oldowan knives. These cutting tools were made of sharp flakes taken from stone cores. The oldest Oldowan tools were discovered in Kenya.  During the Bronze Age (1500 BC), knives already had wooden handles. But because bronze is not durable enough, th...
What is Cutting Board in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Sizes

What is Cutting Board in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Sizes

Kitchen Tools
A cutting board in Tagalog is called “sangkalan” or “tadtaran”, wherein tadtad means “chop.” Also called a chopping board, this kitchen tool is the best friend of kitchen knives in preparing food. Regardless of the economic status of a family, a cutting board is always present in the kitchen. Note, however, that it is different from a butcher block.  No one knows exactly who invented the cutting board, and there’s no historical evidence about its origin. Nonetheless, it’s very clear that “sangkalan” was invented when ancient people learned how to cut meat for food. Before the modern chopping boards, they probably used tree trunk slabs as the earliest forms of butcher blocks.  When the saw was invented, early butchers began to cut tree trunks and used them for cutting meat. At tha...
What is Kitchen Spatula in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

What is Kitchen Spatula in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

Kitchen Tools
A kitchen spatula in Tagalog is called “siyansi,” but some people also call it a flipper or turner due to its versatility. This kitchen utensil consists of a broad, flat, and thin blade attached to a handle. The blade, however, is not the same sharp blade we know. Instead, it is used to flip, scrape, spread, or mix the ingredients while cooking.  Kitchen spatulas are heat-resistant, and the blade is usually made of metal, such as stainless steel or heat-resistant silicone. On the other hand, the handle can be made of wood, plastic, or metal. Siyansi is usually the partner of the kawali and it comes in different shapes and sizes, each designed for specific tasks. This is also why turners are also sometimes referred to as spatulas.  Technically, there are four kinds of kitchen spat...
What is Ladle in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

What is Ladle in Tagalog? Description, Types, and Uses

Kitchen Tools
Ladle in Tagalog is called “sandok,” a kitchen utensil for transferring soups, sauces, and other liquid-based dishes. A ladle usually has a long handle and a deep, bowl-shaped scoop so it can hold a substantial amount of liquid. Ladles come in different designs, scoop sizes, and handle lengths. Each of them has specific purposes and benefits.  The sandok is crafted from various materials such as stainless steel, copper, or wood. It is designed to withstand the heat of boiling liquids while ensuring a comfortable grip for the user. The handle length is long enough to prevent the user from getting too close to the heat source. This ensures safety during cooking and avoiding spills while transferring hot liquids.  The ladle played a significant role as a kitchen utensil in the Phili...