Friday, February 23Not Your Ordinary English-Tagalog Dictionary
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School Supplies

What is Textbook in Tagalog? Origin, Evolution, and Printed vs Digital

What is Textbook in Tagalog? Origin, Evolution, and Printed vs Digital

School Supplies
A textbook in Tagalog is called "aklat-aralin,” where “aklat” means “book” and “aralin” means “study.” However, Filipinos today call it a “textbook” or simply “teksbuk.” In today’s digital era, students have a new way of reading textbooks through various devices. Yet, a lot of them still prefer using printed textbooks over electronic textbooks, also known as e-textbooks. The origin of textbooks goes back a long time and shows how education and sharing knowledge have changed over the years. It all started in ancient times, like in Mesopotamia and Greece, where people used clay tablets and papyrus scrolls as early learning materials. These first sets of textbooks covered many subjects, like mathematics, astronomy, and stories. During the Middle Ages, people made books by hand. The ...
What is Pencil Sharpener in Tagalog? History and Evolution of Design

What is Pencil Sharpener in Tagalog? History and Evolution of Design

School Supplies
The pencil sharpener in Tagalog is called “pantasa ng lapis” or simply “pantasa”. As the name suggests, this tool is designed to make the tip of a pencil pointy so that you can write or draw more easily. Despite being in the school supplies section, these sharpeners can also be found in offices and at home. They are also essential to teachers, artists, draftsmen, engineers, and architects. Before pencil sharpeners was invented, people used knives to sharpen pencils. However, the process was challenging, time-consuming, and often led to uneven results. Apparently, there are several versions as to who really invented pencil sharpeners. Nonetheless, a French book in 1822 mentioned that C. A. Boucher was the one who created the first pencil sharpener but he did not file for a patent. ...
What is Eraser in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

What is Eraser in Tagalog? History, Types, and Uses

School Supplies
The eraser in Tagalog is called “pambura,” where “bura” means to erase. In the UK, the eraser is called “rubber” since it’s made of rubber and is used to rub. As we all know, erasers can be in a block form or attached at the end of pencils. Both types have the same function, though. Blackboard or whiteboard erasers are called "pambura ng pisara" in Filipino. Interestingly, bread was the first eraser and became a popular erasing tool among writers from 1612 to 1770. Aside from being cheap, breadcrumbs or moist bread are readily available and can easily erase pencil marks or correct writing mistakes. However, bread tends to mold or rot and may damage paper. No wonder, writers at that time brought lots of bread with them. In 1770, British engineer Edward Nairne invented the rubber e...
What is Notebook in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Evolution

What is Notebook in Tagalog? Origin, Types, and Evolution

School Supplies
The notebook in Tagalog is called “kwaderno” or “kuwaderno,” which came from the Spanish word, cuaderno. However, most Filipinos today call the notebook as it is. As we all know, a notebook is a stack of papers usually with lines, and a front and back cover. This writing pad is mostly used by students but is also used in other places in writing, drawing, and as a journal.  Historically, the first notebook was not made of paper and came even before paper was invented. Called the wax tablet, this ancient reusable writing tool was made of wood with a layer of wax. It was predominant during the Middle Ages when writing was performed using a pointed instrument called the stylus. When paper became readily available, erasable notebooks (called table books) were developed.  When fountain...
What is Crayon in Tagalog? History and Difference From Colored Pencil

What is Crayon in Tagalog? History and Difference From Colored Pencil

School Supplies
Crayon in Tagalog is called “krayola,” which came from the famous brand, Crayola Crayons. Aside from watercolor, crayons are well-loved art tools by elementary school children all over the world, including the Philippines. Surprisingly, some professional artists such as Kristina Nelson of Minnesota also use crayons for their artworks. The exact origin of the crayon is unknown. Nonetheless, the earliest known predecessors of crayons can be traced back to ancient Egypt, around 3,000 BCE. During that era, people used a mixture of beeswax and colored pigments to create drawings on walls. During the Middle Ages, colored wax was used for encaustic painting on various surfaces. The word “crayon” is French and it means "chalk pencil", a writing tool that was invented in the 16th century....
What is Watercolor in Tagalog? Brief History and Famous Watercolor Artists

What is Watercolor in Tagalog? Brief History and Famous Watercolor Artists

School Supplies
Watercolor in Tagalog is called “akwarela” or “pinturang tinutubigan,” where “pintura” means “paint” and “tinutubigan” means “add water.” However, Filipinos simply call this water-based paint “watercolor.” Also called aquarelle, watercolor refers to both the medium (watercolor set) and the artwork done, which can be on paintings or paper.  The origin of watercolor painting goes back to ancient Egypt civilizations, Renaissance, and Baroque Periods. In ancient China, watercolor painting became popular during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In the Islamic world, watercolor was used for miniature paintings and illustrations in manuscripts.  Watercolor gained recognition as a standalone medium during the Renaissance, particularly in Europe. Artists began us...
What is Ballpoint Pen (Ballpen) in Tagalog? History and Popular Brands

What is Ballpoint Pen (Ballpen) in Tagalog? History and Popular Brands

School Supplies
The ballpoint pen in Tagalog is called “bolpen,” which means that it has no exact Filipino translation. The term “ballpen” is used in the Philippines instead of ballpoint pen. Unlike pencils, ballpens are more commonly used in writing than in drawing. Despite our digital age, ballpens are still a popular writing tool worldwide, including in the Philippines.  The invention of the ballpoint pen has proven to be a great alternative to fountain pens. John J. Loud, an American lawyer, patented a device for marking leather using a rolling ball. The patent was awarded on October 30, 1888, but his design didn't gain much attention.  Loud’s ballpoint pens can be used to write on rough surfaces but not on smooth paper.  The modern ballpen as we know it today was invented by Laszlo Biro, an...
What is Paper in Tagalog? History, Papermaking, and Manila Paper

What is Paper in Tagalog? History, Papermaking, and Manila Paper

School Supplies
Paper in Tagalog is called “papel,” and is a reliable partner of pencils, ballpens, and other writing tools. Despite the fast-changing technology that gradually introduces a paperless era, paper remains common. However, the global paper manufacturing industry is significantly impacted. The cost of making paper is also escalating.  Remarkably, the paper boasts a rich history. The word "paper" originated from "papyrus," a material derived from the papyrus plant, which was utilized as a writing surface by ancient Egyptians and Romans. However, the invention of the first paper-making technique is traditionally credited to a Chinese court official named Cai Lun (Ts'ai Lun), sometime in AD 105.  Although “paper” already existed in Ancient China for centuries before Cai Lun’s time, he r...
What is Pencil in Tagalog? History, Types, and Grades

What is Pencil in Tagalog? History, Types, and Grades

School Supplies
A pencil in Tagalog is called “lapis” but a lot of Filipinos also call it a pencil. This versatile tool for drawing and writing is widely used worldwide, particularly by architects, artists, fashion designers, and students. There is a wide variety of pencil types and brands available. Unlike ballpoint pens, pencils are more commonly used in both writing and drawing. The origin of the pencil dates back thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians and Romans used a stylus, a slender metal stick typically made of lead. They etched the words onto papyrus, an early form of paper. In the early 1500s, a large deposit of pure graphite was discovered in Borrowdale, a civil parish in England. This leads to the production of graphite pencils. The credit for the invention of the wooden pencil g...