Also known as a panel saw or hand saw, a carpenter saw in Tagalog is called “lagaring pang karpintero,” wherein “lagari” is “saw” and “karpentero “is “carpenter.” However, Filipinos usually call it “lagaring kahoy” (wood saw). There are several types of saws, but this article will only focus on the different saws used in carpentry and woodworking.
Generally, a saw is a tool with a toothed blade and is used for cutting hard materials such as metal or wood. The cut is made by placing its sharp edge against the material and moving the saw forward and backward. The saw blade is made of different materials and the number of teeth depends on where the cutting tool is designed for.
Interestingly, the saw is one of the oldest tools man has ever used. There are several stories and even legends surrounding the history of hand saws. There is no specific officially credited for its invention. According to Chinese mythology, a master carpenter and architect named Lu Ban invented the saw. He was revered as the god of carpentry.
Yet, the first flint saws are believed to have first appeared during the early Paleolithic period or Old Stone Age (30,000-10,000 BC). During that era, the stone saws have stone bladelets and bone handles. When copper was discovered some 9,000 years ago, metal was then used as saw blades. However, hand saws still had no handles.
Since copper is weak for saw blades, it was replaced by steel during the Iron Age. Nonetheless, the ancient Romans are thought to be the first ones to use hand saws with wooden handles. As centuries passed by, the design of the saw also improved. During the Industrial Revolution, which began in the 18th century, larger saws were developed.
Today, there are two main types of carpenter saws – hand saws and electrical saws. The most common hand saws used in carpentry are rip saw, crosscut saw, coping saw, fret saw, and keyhole saw. On the other hand, the common types of electrical saws are circular saws, table saws, reciprocating saws, and jigsaws. Each type has a specific use.
In the Philippines, carpentry is a very common job and almost every household has a hand saw. In many cases, men build makeshift tables and chairs in their backyards instead of hiring a professional carpenter. Sometimes, they even build their own homes. You can also easily spot a woodworking shop in a local area, in cities and provinces.
Use lagari in a sentence.
Paki kuha yung lagari para malagari ko itong plywood.
Please get the saw so I can cut this plywood.
Interestingly, Filipino also use “lagari” as a slang word to describe working too much or excessively.
Tatlo ang mga anak ko ang nasa kolehiyo na, kaya lagari ako araw-araw.
I have three children who are now in college, so I work everyday until I drop.